Vagarthaviva, a Magical Verse from the Great Poet Kalidasa: One Prayer, 25 Meanings – Part 3

he Three Great Powers - Lakshmi Devi, Parvathi Devi and Saraswati Devi (Credit: Dollsofindia)

The Three Great Powers – Lakshmi Devi, Parvathi Devi and Saraswati Devi (Credit: Dollsofindia)

In the earlier post, we discussed on various deities and the goals addressed in the mystical verse by the great poet Shri Kalidasa. Let us recapitulate them before we move further.

Deities addressed:

  1. Mother Shridevi(Parvathi) and Lord Shiva
  2. Ardhanarishwara(Half Lord Shiva and Half Devi Parvathi)
  3. Hari-Hara(Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva)
  4. Lord Vishnu, Shri Lakshmi, Lord Shiva and Mother Parvathi
  5. Hindu Trinity with their consorts, viz. Lord Brahma-Saraswati Devi, Lord Vishnu-Shri Lakshmi, Lord Shiva-Mother Parvathi

Goals of prayer:

A. To get expertise in literary skills
B. To know meaning of the Vedas
C. To achieve liberation(moksha)
D. To get material prosperity(artha) and liberation(moksha)
E. To get knowledge(jnana), prosperity(artha) and liberation(moksha)

Let us take most important combinations as examples to get the complete meaning.

Perspective #1

Deities: Mother Parvathi and Lord Shiva Goals: Literary skills and liberation(moksha)

  • Combination 1 and A: I pray, the parents of the universe, Shri Parvathi Devi and Lord Shiva(Parameshwara), who are always together like speech and its meaning, to get expertise in literary skills.
  • Combination 2 and A:  I pray, the parents of the universe, Lord Shiva and Parvathi Devi conjoined together as speech and its meaning as Lord Ardhanarishwara ,   to get expertise in literary skills.
  • Combination 1 and C: I pray, the parents of the universe, Shri Parvathi Devi and Lord Shiva (Parameshwara) who are always together like speech and its meaning, to achieve liberation (moksha).
  • Combination 2 and C:  I pray, the parents of the universe, Lord Shiva and Parvathi Devi conjoined together as speech and its meaning as Lord Ardha Nareeshwara ,  to achieve liberation (moksha).

 Perspective #2

Deities: Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva Goals: Material enjoyment(bhoga) and liberation(moksha)

  • Combination 2 and C: I pray, fathers of the universe, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva who are  inseparable and always together like speech and its meaning(in Hari-Hara form), to gain material enjoyment(bhoga) and liberation(moksha). Notice how nicely the word pitarau (two fathers) fits in.Here, we are praying the domain experts: Lord Vishnu(Hari) for material enjoyment and Lord Shiva for liberation(moksha). This sloka clearly shows the one-ness of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. According to this meaning, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are intricately connected and inseparable. In other words, Lord Vishnu is Lord Shiva also and vice versa. It has an important advice to all the fanatic followers of these two deities. They should stop comparisons, because they are worshiping the same deity.
  • Combination 4 and C:  I pray, parents of the universe, Shri Lakshmi with Lord Vishnu and Parvati Devi with Lord Shiva who are inseparable and always together like speech and its meaning to gain material enjoyment(bhoga) and liberation(moksha). The word pitarau means mata-pitarau(mother and father; i.e. parents). Here, we are praying the domain experts(presiding deities): Lord Vishnu and Shri Lakshmi for material enjoyment.  Lord Shiva and Shri Parvathi for liberation(moksha). The implied deeper meaning of mentioning the consorts of deities is to request their grace have a happy family life with excellent husband and wife relationship! Simply great!!

Perspective #3

Deities: Hindu Trinity – Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Goals: Knowledge, material enjoyment and liberation.

  • Combination 5 and E:  I pray, the parents of the universe, Lord Brahma with Shri Saraswati , Lord Vishnu with Shri Lakshmi and Lord Shiva with Shri Parvathi who are inseparable and always together like speech and its meaning to gain knowledge(jnana), material enjoyment(bhoga) and liberation(moksha). So, we are praying Hindu Trinity(Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva) along with the respective consorts to bestow us things which are ruled by them! We are interpreting that each deity in the Trinity(Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva) is intricately inseparably united with their respective consorts(Saraswati Devi-Lakshmi Devi-Parvathi Devi).
  • Combination 5 and E:  I pray, the parents of the universe, Lord Brahma with Shri Saraswati , Lord Vishnu with Shri Lakshmi and Lord Shiva with Shri Parvathi who are inseparable and always together like speech and its meaning to gain knowledge(jnana), material enjoyment(bhoga) and liberation(moksha). Here we are considering that Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are inseparable and are intricately together. In effect, it says that all these deities are united.  So, we are praying Hindu Trinity along with the respective consorts to bestow us things which are ruled by these deities!

Now, we have a question:

Fine.  We have so many meanings for the magical verse. Which one is the best?

I know, you will ask this! Actually, all the deities are one Universal Self. It does not matter which one you choose. You may pick any of your favorite deity and your goal. Focus on deity and meaning you choose. Pray with devotion. The key is to completely surrender to the deity and pray with feeling of complete devotion. All the best! But, we have another final question:

One verse, many deities, several meanings. What is the esoteric significance of this sloka?

It has a very powerful message of our Vedas:

There is only One God(a.k.a. Brahman, Universal Self, Paramatma etc.),  referred by many different names(deities).

You may worship it as one or many to accomplish your desired endpoints(goals). Lord Shrikrishna beautifully summarizes it in  Bhagavadgita as:

Ye yatha maam prapadyante taamstathaiva bhajamyaham | – Gita 4.11

Whichever way(deities and goals) people worship me, I will appear to them accordingly.

Remember, you are always praying the same One Universal Self. So, it does not matter which deity you worship. All are one and the same. Got it? OK. This concludes our series of articles on the magical sloka by Shri Kalidasa, vagarthaviva.

Om Namah Shivaya ||

- Kalidas

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2 Responses to Vagarthaviva, a Magical Verse from the Great Poet Kalidasa: One Prayer, 25 Meanings – Part 3

  1. Ravi shekar says:

    Sir, Superb explanation of great sloka.

    Thank you very much for sharing this knowledge.

Comments are closed.