Soundarya Lahari – Shloka #26: Eternity of Lord Shiva and Shridevi !

Picture of Lord Shiva and Shridevi Parvati

The Divine Couple, Always Together: Lord Shiva and Shridevi Parvati

Virincih panchatvam vrajati harir aapnoti virathim
Vinasham keenasho bhajati dhanado yati nidhanam |
Vitandri mahendri vithathir api sammeelitha-drsa
Maha-samhare’ smin viharati sati tvat-patirasau ||
– Soundarya Lahari 26

Benefits: Destruction of enemies.

Meaning: O Shridevi, the Queen of chastity! Lord Brahma goes back to five elements!
Lord Vishnu ceases to exist!
Lord Yama meets death! Lord Kubera passes away!
Ever wakeful eyes of Lord Indra close forever!
During the complete dissolution, only your Lord(Shiva) moves around.

Insights:

  1. Poetically, it is a very beautiful verse indeed[1]. Look at the literal contrasts here! Lord Brahma who creates five elements goes back to them, i.e. he dies. Lord Vishnu who supports existence of all creation, himself ceases to exist! Lord Yama who is the lord of death, himself meets death!
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    Moreover, Lord Kubera who is the ruler and giver of wealth, loses the greatest wealth, i.e. his life! Lord Indra whose eyes are always open,[2] closes his eyes eternally, i.e. he dies. Only Shridevi’s Lord, Shiva survives in the great dissolution, since Shridevi is strongly devoted to Him..
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  2. In this shloka, Shridevi is addressed as ‘Sati ‘ meaning devoted wife of Lord Shiva. Because of strong devotion of Shridevi to Her Lord, only Lord Shiva survives during the great dissolution. This is the greatness  and power of Shridevi Parvati.
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  3. The purport is that Lord Shiva is eternal because of the power of Shridevi’s devotion toward him. Remember, Gods and demigods are different personified powers of the Ultimate Reality(a.k.a Sadashiva, Brahman). As we know, during the dissolution, all Gods and demigods  like Indra, Yama and others are withdrawn into eternal Sadashiva(also known as Parameshwara, Supreme Lord, Brahman etc.).
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  4. Esoteric Meaning #1: The word dissolution does not really mean destruction; it means the withdrawal of  forces such as Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu etc. back to one eternal Reality called Sadashiva or Universal self. It is the part of the natural process of the universe. Logically thinking, since Lord Shiva is the in-charge of complete dissolution, He alone remains after that! Since He is the Universal Self, He exists eternally.
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  5. Esoteric Meaning #2: The word Pati means the Pashupati, i.e. the Lord(the Universal Self) of all Individual Selves(Pashus). This is why Lord Shiva is also addressed by another name Pashu-pati. Since Lord Shiva alone remains after the dissolution, he is the Ultimate Reality.  This verse reminds us of single most important purpose of our lives, i.e.  to merge with the Universal Self via traditional yoga.
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  6. Secret Meaning #1: According to the verse, after complete dissolution, only Lord Shiva(Pati, the Lord) and Shridevi(Sati,  devoted wife of Lord Shiva, i.e. Shri Parvati) remain, because they are the Ultimate Reality. All other deities are their different powers and hence they are withdrawn back during the dissolution.
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    The use of words wife(Sati) and husband(Pati) and the oneness of Lord Shiva and Shridevi Parvati set the highest standard for all the married couples on how to be together in perfect harmony. This message is especially important in our modern era where the marital bonds are getting loosened very easily since people view the marriage more as socio-legal contract than as a divine relationship of oneness.
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  7. Secret Meaning #2: The two words mentioned in the verse, Sati(Wife) and Pati (Husband) imply the eternal couple and parents of the world, Shridevi Parvati and Lord Shiva who are united like word and its meaning(Vagartha).

Notes:

  1. Words of Beauty: Feel the rhythm, tone and melody of almost rhyming words used here! e.g. Virinchi-pancha, harir-virati, vinasham-keenasho, dhanado-nidhanam, vitandri-mahendri, Sati-twatpati.  We have seen this internal rhyming of homo-phonic words in many other shlokas of Soundarya Lahari as well. True to its name, this is the real beauty of Wave of Beauty(i.e. Soundarya Lahari). Just amazing and marvelous! Relish and enjoy!
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  2. According to Scriptures, unlike human beings Gods and demigods do not blink. So, their eyes are always open. Other characteristics of divine beings is Gods do not sweat, have a natural hallow or glow, their feet do not touch the ground and so on.

Om Namah Shivaya ||

– Kalidas

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  1. Pingback: Satori at Pashupatinath | Why not wander... ?

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