Hari Om! Namaste!!
Let us continue to understand the teaching of Lord Yama(Lord of Death) that was bestowed to Nachiketa in our Scripture in Katha Upanishat. Lord Yama clearly elucidates the nature of the Ultimate Reality, that which does not take birth or dies. Who else can tell us more authoritatively on what happens or remains after death, other than Lord of Death, i.e. Lord Yama himself? Come along. Enjoy the secret knowledge!
Na jayate mriyate va vipashchit nayam kutaschit na babhuva kaschit|
Ajo Nityam Shashvato’yam purano na hanyate hanyamane shareere|| – Katopanishat, Mantra 1.2.18
Meaning: The knowing Ultimate Reality is not born; nor does it die. It came from nothing and nothing came from it. It is unborn, eternal and ancient. It is not killed when body is slain.
Notes: In this verse, Great Master Lord Yama(Lord of Death) teaches Nachiketa. He says that the Ultimate Reality is something that exists all the times – past, present and future. So, there is no question of birth or death to it. It is ancient since it is not bound by time.
Important teaching here is when the body is killed, the knower in the body, who is the Individual Self, is not killed. It goes away from the body with its karmas. It will go into another body to experience the fruits of its karmas.
Our supreme goal in our lives is to attain the Ultimate Reality Om, so that we will not born again and again to suffer due to accumulated karmas.
Caution: Interpretation and views expressed above are from our limited understanding of the verse. Authentic traditional meaning of the Upanishads can be grasped by reading authoritative commentary Shaankarabhshya by our Great Realized Master Shri Shankara Bhagavatpadah. So, reader’s discretion is advised.
Om Namah Shivaya ||